Cap Our Daily Sugar Intake

Everybody loves the taste of an ice cold Coke at a summer barbecue. And who can resist a warm, flakey donut on their way to work? Let’s face it, as Americans, we love our fizzy sodas and our Krispy Kreme’s, but the health consequences resulting from our high-sugar diet may not be so sweet…

Did you know that the average American consumes around 100 grams (19 teaspoons) of sugar every day? The FDA recommends that we cap our daily sugar intake at 50 grams, but in our sugar-saturated world, it’s easy to go overboard. To put this number into perspective, a 20-oz bottle of classic Coke packs 65 grams of sugar. Yikes!

Excess sugar consumption is linked to an increased risk for a variety of health problems from diabetes and heart disease to tooth decay and behavioral problems. Eating too much processed sugar can also cause candida (yeast) overgrowth in the body which may lead to headaches, intense sugar cravings, digestive issues, brain fog, and generally feeling sluggish.

Sometimes it feels as if we are chained to our sugar habit and there’s no way to break free. But don’t lose hope just yet, because there are actions you can take to successfully break this crazy cycle of craving sweets and indulging in sugary foods! Here are five steps to get you started…

  • Start by scoping out the nutrition labels and ingredient lists on the back of packaged foods in your pantry and at the grocery store. Ask to see the nutrition facts sheet when you’re out getting fast food or on a coffee run. Nowadays, most chain operations have nutrition facts readily available for you to browse online, so take advantage!
  • Remember that the goal of this food journal is not to make you feel bad about your food choices or to force you to ditch all your sugary snacks at once. By writing down everything you’re eating, you will become more aware of what, why, and how much sugar you’re consuming on a regular basis. Once you’re armed with these personal insights you’ll be able to tailor an eating plan to fit your specific needs.
  • You would never expect someone addicted to cigarettes or alcohol quit cold-turkey without experiencing a relapse, so you should treat your mission to quit sugar in a similar fashion. According to research by neuroscientists, the human brain responds to processed sugar in a similar way that it responds to drugs like opiates. Because of this, quitting sugar may be more challenging than it seems at first. Most folks who follow the Standard American Diet are unaware that they are hooked on sugar and they don’t realize how much they rely on it to give them energy when they’re feeling low, provide clarity in a moment of stress, or unwind after a long day at the office. So, it’s best to go into this lifestyle change with open eyes and a game plan.
  • You can expect to go through an initial “withdrawal phase” where you may feel low energy and irritable so plan the sugar cleanse so it doesn’t overlap with vacation, holidays, or any stressful events that may cause you to reach for that candy bar against your better judgement. But these unpleasant feelings won’t last forever! In fact, you should expect to start feeling the benefits about a month after adopting your low sugar diet.
  • It is way easier to follow through with diet and lifestyle changes if you have a concrete timeline and measurable, daily goals. Your goal may be to cut out processed sugar entirely or you might start by limiting your added sugars to 25 grams per day. Another option is to just drop soda and candy from your diet, and work towards a stricter goal after you have achieved your first goal. Whatever you choose, make sure that it is something attainable so you aren’t tempted to give up halfway through the month.
  • A huge reason why so many people crash and burn on their diet is because they remove so much “bad food” from their diet and fail to replace it with something healthy. This doesn’t work! Just imagine that you’re hungry and you start dreaming about donuts while at your work desk. Don’t just resist the donut and go hungry; make sure you replace that sugary snack with a healthy alternative that will leave your stomach full and your brain satisfied. You could replace your morning donut with a banana and peanut butter (non-sweetened peanut butter, of course!) That snack swap not only removes the donut from your day, but it also keeps you fuller longer because it contains protein and good fats in addition to the natural sugars in the banana that will curb your sweet tooth.
  • Plan out your meals and snacks in advance, at least for the first few weeks, so you don’t resort back to your sugar habit when you’re feeling starved. The goal of your sugar cleanse is not to deprive yourself and make you feel hungry. On the contrary, filling your body with plenty healthy, nutrient-dense foods should put an end to food cravings and lead to sustainable results.
  • It is so much easier to stick to any kind of diet or lifestyle change when you’re not alone on your journey. If you can talk your family into joining you on your sugar-cleanse then you’re much more likely to be successful, plus it will improve everyone’s health in the long run. Family meal planning and home cooked dinners can be a great time to explore topics like health and nutrition with your kids!
  • It’s also wise to remember that all healthy habits have to start somewhere.  It’s never too late to rewrite your own “dietary script” and start making an investment in your health.

Quitting sugar is tough, but you’re tougher! Keep in mind that mental strategies like goal setting and visualizing a positive future can help guide you through the tough weeks at the beginning of your cleanse. Invite others to join you in your new, healthier diet and maybe your sugar-free month will turn into a sugar-free year. Why not start today? You future self will thank you!

References & Resources

Avena, N., Rada, P., & Hoebel, B. (2008). Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 32(1), 20-39. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2007.04.019

Johnson, R., Segal, M., Sautin, Y., Nakagawa, T., Feig, D., Kang, D. . . . Sánchez-Lozada, L. (2007). Potential role of sugar (fructose) in the epidemic of hypertension, obesity and the metabolic syndrome, diabetes, kidney disease, and cardiovascular disease. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,86(4), 899-906.

Popkin, B. M., & Nielsen, S. J. (2003). The Sweetening of the World’s Diet. Obesity, 11(11), 1325-1332. doi:10.1038/oby.2003.179

Yang, Q., Zhang, Z., & Gregg, E. (2014). Added Sugar Intake and Cardiovascular Diseases Mortality Among US Adults. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 4(4), 516-524. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.13563

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